Global Warming: Nobody seems to worry about!?

•March 6, 2007 • 1 Comment

As a consequence of having invented the materialist paradigm of physics, which overthrows many of the theories of the abstractionist paradigm that defines establishment physics, I’ve come to realise that global warming is more serious than is presently understood by establishment researchers.

The Earth retains its atmosphere through it interacting with the emission/gravitational field of the Earth. Over time, the density of the emission/gravitational field of the Earth increases resulting in an increase in the retention of carbon emissions. This occurs irrespective of the carbon emissions from human activity.

The amount of the reduction in carbon emission will need to increase over time to counter the increasing density of the emission/gravitational field of the Earth.

The materialist paradigm of physics is located on the Internet at the following web site: http://members.westnet.com.au/paradigm/essay.pdf

Frequently Asked Questions

What does the greenhouse effect have to do with global warming?

The “greenhouse effect” refers to the natural phenomenon that keeps the Earth in a temperature range that allows life to flourish. The sun’s enormous energy warms the Earth’s surface and its atmosphere. As this energy radiates back toward space as heat, a portion is absorbed by a delicate balance of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere—among them carbon dioxide and methane—which creates an insulating layer. With the temperature control of the greenhouse effect, the Earth has an average surface temperature of 59°F (15°C). Without it, the average surface temperature would be 0°F (-18°C), a temperature so low that the Earth would be frozen and could not sustain life.

“Global warming” refers to the rise in the Earth’s temperature resulting from an increase in heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere.

What is causing global warming?

Scientists have concluded that human activities are contributing to global warming by adding large amounts of heat-trapping gases to the atmosphere. Our fossil fuel use is the main source of these gases. Every time we drive a car, use electricity from coal-fired power plants, or heat our homes with oil or natural gas, we release carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases into the air. The second most important source of greenhouse gases is deforestation, mainly in the tropics, and other land-use changes.

Since pre-industrial times, the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide has increased by 31 percent. Over the same period, atmospheric methane has risen by 151 percent, mostly from agricultural activities like growing rice and raising cattle.

As the concentration of these gases grows, more heat is trapped by the atmosphere and less escapes back into space. This increase in trapped heat changes the climate, causing altered weather patterns that can bring unusually intense precipitation or dry spells and more severe storms.

What is the best source of scientific information on global warming?

In 1988, the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Meteorological Organization set up the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to examine the most current scientific information on global warming and climate change. More than 2,500 of the world’s leading climate scientists, economists, and risk experts contributed to the panel’s most recent report, Climate Change 2001: The Third Assessment Report.

Scientists from about 100 countries were involved in this new report—more than in any previous report and with greater participation from developing countries. These scientists reviewed all the published and peer-reviewed scientific information produced during the previous few years to assess what is known about the global climate, why and how it changes, what it will mean for people and the environment, and what can be done about it.

The Third Assessment Report is the most comprehensive and up-to-date evaluation of global warming. As the new benchmark, it serves as the basis for international climate negotiations.

Is global warming already happening?

Yes. The IPCC concluded in its Third Assessment Report, “An increasing body of observations gives a collective picture of a warming world and other changes in the climate system.” The kinds of changes already observed that create this consistent picture include the following:

Examples of observed climatic changes


Increase in global average surface temperature of about 1°F in the 20th century

Decrease of snow cover and sea ice extent and the retreat of mountain glaciers in the latter half of the 20th century

Rise in global average sea level and the increase in ocean water temperatures

Likely increase in average precipitation over the middle and high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, and over tropical land areas

Increase in the frequency of extreme precipitation events in some regions of the world
Examples of observed physical and ecological changes

Thawing of permafrost

Lengthening of the growing season in middle and high latitudes

Poleward and upward shift of plant and animal ranges

Decline of some plant and animal species

Earlier flowering of trees

Earlier emergence of insects

Earlier egg-laying in birds

Are humans contributing to global warming?

In 1995, the world’s climate experts in the IPCC concluded for the first time in a cautious consensus, “The balance of evidence suggests that there is a discernible human influence on the global climate.”

In its 2001 assessment, the IPCC strengthened that conclusion considerably, saying, “There is new and stronger evidence that most of the warming observed over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities.”

Scientists have found significant evidence that leads to this conclusion:

The observed warming over the past 100 years is unlikely to be due to natural causes alone; it was unusual even in the context of the last 1,000 years.

There are better techniques to detect climatic changes and attribute them to different causes.

Simulations of the climate’s response to natural causes (sun, volcanoes, etc.) over the latter half of the 20th century alone cannot explain the observed trends.

Most simulation models that take into account greenhouse gas emissions and sulphate aerosols (which have a cooling effect) are consistent with observations over the last 50 years.
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How much warmer is the Earth likely to become?

The IPCC’s Third Assessment Report projects that the Earth’s average surface temperature will increase between 2.5° and 10.4°F (1.4°-5.8°C) between 1990 and 2100 if no major efforts are undertaken to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases (the “business-as-usual” scenario). This is significantly higher than what the Panel predicted in 1995 (1.8°-6.3°F, or 1.0°-3.5°C), mostly because scientists expect a reduced cooling effect from tiny particles (aerosols) in the atmosphere.

Scientists predict that even if we stopped emitting heat-trapping gases immediately, the climate would not stabilize for many decades because the gases we have already released into the atmosphere will stay there for years or even centuries. So while the warming may be lower or increase at a slower rate than predicted if we reduce emissions significantly, global temperatures cannot quickly return to today’s averages. And the faster and more the Earth warms, the greater the chances are for some irreversible climate changes.

Would a temperature rise of a couple degrees really change the global climate?

An increase of a few degrees won’t simply make for pleasantly warmer temperatures around the globe. Even a modest rise of 2°- 3°F (1.1°-1.7°C) could have dramatic effects. In the last 10,000 years, the Earth’s average temperature hasn’t varied by more than 1.8°F (1.0°C). Temperatures only 5°-9°F cooler than those today prevailed at the end of the last Ice Age, in which the Northeast United States was covered by more than 3,000 feet of ice.

Scientists predict that continued global warming on the order of 2.5°-10.4°F over the next 100 years (as projected in the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report) is likely to result in:

a rise in sea level between 3.5 and 34.6 in. (9-88 cm), leading to more coastal erosion, flooding during storms, and permanent inundation

severe stress on many forests, wetlands, alpine regions, and other natural ecosystems

greater threats to human health as mosquitoes and other disease-carrying insects and rodents spread diseases over larger geographical regions

disruption of agriculture in some parts of the world due to increased temperature, water stress, and sea-level rise in low-lying areas such as Bangladesh or the Mississippi River delta.

Is global warming connected to the hole in the ozone layer?

NASA image — Ozone layer hole

Global warming and ozone depletion are two separate but related threats. Global warming and the greenhouse effect refer to the warming of the lower part of the atmosphere (also known as the troposphere) due to increasing concentrations of heat-trapping gases. By contrast, the ozone hole refers to the loss of ozone in the upper part of the atmosphere, called the stratosphere. This is of serious concern because stratospheric ozone blocks incoming ultraviolet radiation from the sun, some of which is harmful to plants, animals, and humans.

The two problems are related in a number of ways, including:

Some human-made gases, called chlorofluorocarbons, trap heat and destroy the ozone layer. Currently, these gases are responsible for less than 10 percent of total atmospheric warming, far less than the contribution from the main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide.

The ozone layer traps heat, so if it gets destroyed, the upper atmosphere actually cools, thereby offsetting part of the warming effect of other heat-trapping gases. But that’s no reason to rejoice: the cooling of the upper layers of the atmosphere can produce changes in the climate that affect weather patterns in the higher latitudes.

Trapping heat in the lower part of the atmosphere allows less heat to escape into space and leads to cooling of the upper part of the atmosphere. The colder it gets, the greater the destruction of the protective ozone layer.

Reducing ozone-depleting gases is crucial to preventing further destruction of the ozone layer, but eliminating these gases alone will not solve the global warming problem. On the other hand, efforts to reduce all types of emissions to limit global warming will also be good for the recovery of the ozone layer.

Is there anything we can do about global warming?

Yes! The most important action we can take to slow global warming is to reduce emissions of heat-trapping gases. Governments, individuals, and businesses can all help.

Governments can adopt a range of options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, including

increasing energy efficiency standards

encouraging the use of renewable energy sources (such as wind and solar power)

eliminating subsidies that encourage the use of coal and oil by making them artificially cheap

protecting and restoring forests, which serve as important storehouses of carbon
Individuals can reduce the need for fossil fuels and often save money by

driving less and driving more fuel-efficient and less-polluting cars

using energy-efficient appliances

insulating homes

using less electricity in general

Businesses can increase efficiency and save substantial sums by doing the same things on a larger scale. And utilities can avoid building expensive new power plants by encouraging and helping customers to adopt efficiency measures.

Will responding to global warming be harmful to our economy?

Reducing our impact on the global climate does not have to hurt the world’s economies. The answer depends much on the “how” and “when.”

The challenge is to strike a balance between responding early enough to avoid major negative (costly) impacts, and responding some time later in order to avoid taking big, expensive steps now which then may turn out to be unnecessary or inappropriate. This type of challenge is typical in business and industry; decision-making under uncertainty is the daily bread of most managers.

Clearly, global warming still involves many unknowns, but the remaining uncertainties in our scientific understanding no longer warrant a “wait and see” stance. Science tells us with increasing certainty that we are in for a serious long-term problem that will affect all of us.

And there is much we can do now that makes sense in terms of the economic bottom line while helping to reduce our impact on the global climate and on our local environment and health. The United States and other developed countries should seize the opportunity to take the lead in developing new, clean, energy-efficient technologies, and help developing countries take a greener path to economic prosperity. All of this can be done in a cost-effective manner, while creating jobs and new business opportunities.

More questions?

If you have other questions about global warming, check out our briefings, updates, recommendations, analyses, guides, and links.

In addition, there are many web sites that answer frequently asked questions. We recommend the following:

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

http://yosemite.epa.gov/oar/globalwarming.nsf

/content/ClimateScienceFAQ.html

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/pns/faq.html

The United Nations Environment Programme/World Meteorological Organization:

http://www.gcrio.org/ipcc/qa/cover.html

Source: Union of Concerned Scientists
Gardening Care Forum Website – http://www.gardeningcare.co.nr

How many megapixels equivalent does the eye have?

•February 22, 2007 • 9 Comments

The eye is not a single frame snapshot camera. It is more like a video stream. The eye moves rapidly in small angular amounts and continually updates the image in one’s brain to “paint” the detail. We also have two eyes, and our brains combine the signals to increase the resolution further. We also typically move our eyes around the scene to gather more information. Because of these factors, the eye plus brain assembles a higher resolution image than possible with the number of photoreceptors in the retina. So the megapixel equivalent numbers below refer to the spatial detail in an image that would be required to show what the human eye could see when you view a scene.

Based on the above data for the resolution of the human eye, let’s try a “small” example first. Consider a view in front of you that is 90 degrees by 90 degrees, like looking through an open window at a scene. The number of pixels would be
90 degrees * 60 arc-minutes/degree * 1/0.3 * 90 * 60 * 1/0.3 = 324,000,000 pixels (324 megapixels).
At any one moment, you actually do not perceive that many pixels, but your eye moves around the scene to see all the detail you want. But the human eye really sees a larger field of view, close to 180 degrees. Let’s be conservative and use 120 degrees for the field of view. Then we would see
120 * 120 * 60 * 60 / (0.3 * 0.3) = 576 megapixels.
The full angle of human vision would require even more megapixels. This kind of image detail requires A large format camera to record.

Source: Clark Vision

How does Googlebot work?

•February 11, 2007 • 1 Comment

“I run a forum, and I see that googlebot is always visiting my page. I know that he usually collect informations to index pages, but the question is:

How do googlebot really works? If a person search for example “nature”, do googlebot automatically go to your site and take the information that you have about nature at the same time and displays at the search results? I mean, all in real time. “

Many web developers are using different tips to improve their site rankings but, when it comes to Googlebot, they’re all afraid that a wrong crawling process can affect the number of visitors.

Vanessa Fox, a Google employee, described the way that Googlebot works, to help webmasters develop their websites.

So, if you have your site down for maintenance, you’re probably afraid that Googlebot will index your page as a down for maintenance page. “You should configure your server to return a status of 503 (network unavailable) rather than 200 (successful). That lets Googlebot know to try the pages again later,” Vanessa said.

If you’re asking yourself what’s more useful between using meta robots tag and a robots.txt file, Vanessa Fox offers the answer: “Googlebot obeys either, but meta tags apply to single pages only. If you have a number of pages you want to exclude from crawling, you can structure your site in such a way that you can easily use a robots.txt file to block those pages (for instance, put the pages into a single directory).”

“Googlebots” are effectivly spyware for the Internet. At scheduled times, say once a day / week / month the bots are sent through every single url link on any page found. These bots scan the Internet for new pages, or updated pages and then report back to Google server which categorizes the web page by the text content.
Then it is assigned a search keyword(s) to which the site it produced to match the key word a user of Google may type in.

As a conclusion, if you have more questions about how Googlebot works, you should read all the documentation provided by Google and, if you didn’t find the answer, ask help from the company’s employees.

Have you ever wonder what Googlebot might look like? Well, the folks at the Google Datacenters like to have fun at work — very usual of Google employees — so Ben Rathbone from Hardware Operations created his impression of Googlebot and brought it to us thanks to their blog:

He says, “The whole thing took 70 hours of work. It’s 8′ high x 22′ long.” Wow! great work!


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Cashette: Who are they?

•February 10, 2007 • 1 Comment

I run one forum about Gardening care. It is a quiet little forum with just a few active members.I’ve dealt daily with spam registrations from people wanting a link back to their spammy site, but recently I’ve found a new type of spam registration.

They are all innocent enough looking. The user sets up their registration normally – with no link to any website – and I think “great, a new user, maybe this site is going to start getting busier”. Then the user never posts anything once I have approved them.

So when I go back through the email addresses, I find that a large number of the people who I thought were legit are actually using email addresses @cashette.com

Until now I have been unaware of Cashette.com but on investigation it seems to be a place where you can set up an email address and if you happen to get any spam through on it, they will pay you some money. In theory, that’s great – you can get an email address where they virtually guarantee no spam, and if it does get through they pay you for it.

But then the dark side of the web hears about it and people try as hard as they can to get spam to their Cashette email address. Which means leaving their email address everywhere they possibly can in the hope that spam bots will get some spam through to them.

Luckily, once you know about it it is pretty easy to ban email addresses from a certain domain (well, it is in PHPBB) so I shouldn’t see any more of them now that I know about it.

These people must think they are being very clever, manipulating the system and all that. But honestly, it’s like leaving litter in the street. Stop it.

“Text taken from: http://www.adamchristie.co.uk/, I’ve just modified the Forum name and link, because the text just fits on my issue, so I wanted to scream to the world that This cashette site must be closed!”

Why I love Gardening

•February 7, 2007 • 1 Comment

The Old Southern used to be all about roots, about who your people were.

The New Southern is a richer, more balanced blend of folks, including many warm and wonderful ones who are Southerners by choice, not by birth. But for gardeners, the Southern is still– and always will be-about roots.

Because of the relative warmth of our climate, our soils never get deeply affected by frost. Even in the dead of winter, a Southern garden is alive. You can stand in the middle of a cold, quiet garden and almost feel the actionall those roots vibrating deep in the unfrozen ground beneath your feet.

There is, in fact, no absolute dormant season for most of us in the Middle and Lower South. You can get by with ignoring your garden, perhaps, during the worst heat of summer and for the whole two weeks of winter. It might ease up enough then, if you’re lucky, and you’ll be able to catch back up. It’s sort of like running for a freight train as it slows for a level crossing. There are pauses as one clutch of plants plays out and another bunch is still in the process of springing up to replace it. But the Southern garden, just like that steaming freight train, never comes to a full stop.

Consequently, neither does the Southern gardener. Sometimes it seems there’s too much to deal with. Mud and floods and fire ants, droughts that crack the cotton-depleted soil, wild temperature swings, and wilder weeds are just a few of our regular gardening companions. It can make you want to fling your trowel into the azaleas and head back into the air conditioning. But in exchange for all of this, we are given the most remarkable gift of constancy-constant color, constant growth, constant participation in nature-the constancy of those never-sleeping roots.

A lot of folks say there’s no rest for the weary. What I’ve learned, as a Southern gardener, is that there’s really no rest for the blessed. And this is where I want my garden to grow– right here in the Southern, where I will always, every day, be able to feel the living roots.

Favorite Tips

The garden editors at Southern Living are all enthusiastic, hands-on gardeners. Their collective experience is impressive and diverse, based on their individual interests. Here’s what they’ve learned after all these years.

If you’re planting in the ground, make the time to prepare your soil. Just doing this will take care of 90% of the work needed for having a healthy garden.

One universal tip from our garden editors is to get a soil test so you know what you’re dealing with.

In areas with rocky or poor soils, don’t fight Mother Nature. Making raised beds to grow vegetables and flowers is easier than struggling to fix problem soil.

Look at plants when they are blooming, and buy them when they’re not. By the time they’re in bloom at the nursery, they are past the perfect planting stage.

Whether you’re planting a cell-pack annual or a potted shrub, be sure to water the plant thoroughly before sticking it in the ground.

Always check out a nursery’s guarantee and return policy before making a major plant purchase. Some will warrant trees and shrubs for a year and replace a dead plant; some will not.

If you’re buying lots of one kind of azalea or crepe myrtle, buy them all in bloom. That way you won’t be stuck with 14 red plants and 2 lavender ones.

If you’re using pine straw as mulch, consider shredding it first. The chopped needles are easy to dust off any plants that might have gotten buried.

The key to watering if you don’t have an irrigation system is to get a goodquality, kink-free hose.

Add organic material as you start a new flowerbed, and replenish seasonally, before each planting.

Always plant annuals with a timedrelease fertilizer.

Near the end of July, cut back flowering annuals halfway. Feed with a liquid blossom booster, and you’ll have fabulous flowers in September and October.

Wait until fall and winter to move established plants that need relocating.

If you’ve just moved to a house with a preexisting garden, watch the garden through a full cycle of seasons. Then you’ll know what’s really there, like hidden clumps of bulbs or low spots that hold water after rain.

Spring is great, but learn to love autumn. It’s a superb season in the Southern garden, with gorgeous flowers and great weather. It’s also the best time to plant perennials, roses, trees, and shrubs.

Finally, the editors offer some unusual gems of advice.

- Always stretch a bit before taking on any big gardening task.

- Try planting a tall rosebush next to your birdbath. As the blooms fade and drop into the bowl, it creates a floating potpourri.

- Use branches and twigs to stake up flowers that have fallen over. The natural shapes work well in the garden, and you can’t beat the price.

- Build a compost heap. Experienced gardeners always have one and pretend it’s to improve the soil. Actually it’s a guilt-free place to put the corpses of plants we’ve inadvertently killed.

If you are interested for more gardening tips, PLEASE JOIN OUR FORUM today, and take your doubts, share you knowledge and let´s make the gardeners community grow like never did!

HTTP://WWW.GARDENINGCARE.CO.NR

What´s the deal of this Mturk?

•January 29, 2007 • Leave a Comment

Many many people might ask themselves, what´s the deal of this Mturk? or you can even see if you have any hit counter with logs, this “mturk” listed on your log list. It might be your website on this Mturk thingie.

Mturk is a new Amazon product/service which allows people to earn money doing tasks which a person does better than a computer(A subsidiary of Amazon.com that provides a Web services system that use people to perform tasks better handled by humans than computers.), usually an item/event which requires analysis which can’t be programmed.

Requesters post “human intelligence tasks” (HITs) along with the fee paid for completion via the Amazon Web services programming interface. Turkers (the workers) choose their HITs, do the jobs and submit the results. Examples of HITs are locating information on a document, translating foreign languages, transcribing speech, as well as comparing audio to written transcripts. For more information, visit Mturk website..

Who’s the Turk?

The name comes from Wolfgang von Kempelen’s mechanical “Turk” in the mid-1700s, which was an expert chess player dressed up as a wooden mannequin. Defeating challengers throughout Europe, including Napoleon, the Turk sat inside a wooden cabinet wearing a robe and turban. Opening the door to reveal gears and springs inside, Kempelen fooled people into believing this was a mechanical device with artificial intelligence.

Why do girls like the Pink colour?

•January 22, 2007 • 3 Comments

You gotta ask yourself this most common fact that you see everyday. Any logical answer to why most girls like pink color? any reason why they are attracted to that color?

Cotton Candy and Little Girls: Pink is a softer, less violent red. Pink is the sweet side of red. It’s cotton candy and bubble gum and babies, especially little girls.
Nature of Pink: While red stirs up passion and action, studies have shown that large amounts of pink can create physical weakness in people. Perhaps there is a tie-in between this physical reaction and the color’s association with the so-called weaker sex.

Culture of Pink: In some cultures, such as the US, pink is the color of little girls. It represents sugar and spice and everything nice. Pink for men goes in and out of style. Most people still think of pink as a feminine, delicate color.

Using Pink: Both red and pink denote love but while red is hot passion, pink is romantic and charming. Use pink to convey playfulness (hot pink flamingoes) and tenderness (pastel pinks). Multiple shades of pink and light purple or other pastels used together maintain the soft, delicate, and playful nature of pink. Add strength with darker shades of pinks and purple and burgundy.

Using Pink with Other Colors: All shades of pink get sophisticated when combined with black or gray or medium to darker shades of blue. Medium to dark green with pink is also a sharp-looking combo.

Language of Pink: The use of pink in familiar phrases can help a designer see how their color of choice might be perceived by others – both the positive and negative aspects.

Good pink

In the pink – healthy
Tickled pink – happy, content
Pink collar – female office worker (sometimes used in a derogatory manner)
Bad or neutral pink
Pink collar – female office worker (sometimes used in a derogatory manner to imply low person on the office totem pole)
Pink – cut, notch, or make a zigzag
Pink Words: These words are synonymous with pink or represent various shades of the color pink.
Salmon, coral, hot pink, fuschia, blush, flesh, flush, fuchsia, rose.

but Why do only girls like colors like pink?

The problem is that there is a difference between liking a color, and liking a color publicly. I’m sure there are guys out there who also like the colors pink and purple…. and some that like glittery things. However, I don’t think they will admit that in public. A lot of this IS society and NORMS being embedded before we are aware of what is going on. The fact that baby boys are usually dressed in manlier colors (blue, green, red, etc..) and baby girls are dressed in more feminine colors (pink, purple, yellow, etc..) I think plays a large role…. as does the upbringing of a child. When a little boy walks into first or second grade with pink pants on, what happens. He gets laughed at. So yes, I do think that it is Society that is assigning colors to genders.

An example of stunning pink color of a Chorisia speciosa flower


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